"Go to where the silence is and say something." -- Amy Goodman, award-winning journalist
(www.DemocracyNow.org) 1991 Timorese massacre story
CRITICAL ALERT: SCHOOL BOARD VOTES THURSDAY, JUNE 7, 2012 on Parent Notification Changes to SR&R. Please support these with contacts to the school board and at the meeting. Remind the board it works for US, not for principals or the superintendent!!
The Fairfax County School Board is scheduled to adopt the 2012-13 Student Rights & Responsibilities (SR&R) policy at its meeting Thursday, June 7 after 8 pm at Luther Jackson Middle School. Several key amendments have been proposed by school board members (below). Amendments FZTR supports (in short):
Requires parent notification prior to administrators questioning students for serious violations that could lead to suspensions/expulsions (except in emergencies) (Schultz, Evans)
Requires parent consent for written statements by students in cases of serious violations (Schultz, Evans)
Allows students to remain in school at the principal's discretion as they appeal suspensions/expulsions (Moon)
Allows first-time marjiuana users to attend a diversion program instead of being recommended for expulsion (McLaughlin)
Forms a discipline program program/process review committee that includes the community (Storck)
The leadership of Fairfax Zero Tolerance Reform supports the amendments proposed by Elizabeth Schultz as aligning with community values and commitments made by school board members prior to the last election. FZTR urges you to attend the school board meeting to demonstrate your support for these common-sense changes that affirm student protections and parental roles in the FCPS discipline process.
If you cannot attend the meeting on Thursday, you can email the school board members with your comments. To email the entire school board, use: SchoolBoardMembers@fcps.edu. Please copy email@example.com (communications director) on any correspondence because FZTR would like to know what fellow discipline reformers are saying.
Administrative Staff Opposition Dismisses Parents
In an unusual move, staff comments were posted related to these amendments, and include the following position, with which FZTR completely disagees as do nearly every parent we talk with:
"The requirement for parental notice will in all likelihood lead to the expectation on the part of parents that they have the right to stop school administrators from interviewing their students and may create a culture in which students are unwilling to approach school officials to report unsafe behaviors."
Note that nothing in the amendments prevents teachers from working with students as they always have, nor the investigation for any incident from continuing, nor from questioning without notification in emergency situations.
Most Board Members Supported Notification As Candidates
Based on formal interviews and discussions prior to the election, on informal conversations, and on official positions taken by candidates, FZTR received commitments from all but one current school board member to the principles and concepts in the amendments proposed by Mrs. Schultz. In addition, Ted Velkoff, Pat Hynes, Tammy Kaufax and Megan McLaughlin voted in favor of language supporting parent notification in a Fairfax County Democratic Committee resolution on school discipline which was adopted last March. (The wording they endorsed included "....a fair and objective disciplinary process that assures rights of representation....parental/guardian notification & participation in all stages of FCPS student disciplinary proceedings" and decisions that "take into account the total wellbeing of the student, his/her rights and the community's interest in safe schools.")
Clearly, our community has a reasonable expectation that our elected officials will adopt policies that reflect their campaign promises and public statements to constituents.
The FCCPTA Supports Parent Notification (see notice to right).
The amendments (not in order; some are substitutes to others)
Schultz Amendment 1
SR&R C. Disciplinary Procedures...
Except under exigent circumstances,Tthe principal or his administrative designeewill make a reasonable effort to shall notify parents or guardians at the earliest opportunity regardingof anystudent disciplinary actionssuspected of committing a serious violation of School Board policy.
In cases where a serious violation, as set forth in this section, necessitates the questioning of any student, the principal or his administrative designee may only question a student, except under exigent circumstances, after the student’s parents have been notified.
For purposes of this section, a "serious violation" means a violation of a School Board policy or compulsory school attendance requirements when such violation could result in:
a. the student's suspension or expulsion,
b. the notification of law enforcement, or
c. the filing of a court petition, whether or not the school administration has imposed such disciplinary action or filed a petition.
Schultz Amendment 2
Under no circumstances shall the principal or his administrative designee compel or coerce any written statement or signature on a document from any student without the consent of a parent or guardian. If a student elects to remain silent, he shall not be deemed to be uncooperative.
Evans Amendment 1
In the event that school administrators suspect the student has committed an offense that could result in that student’s suspension for 10 days or more or a recommendation for expulsion, the principal or other administrative personnel shall make reasonable efforts to notify the student’s parent or guardian prior to questioning the student, unless there is an immediate danger to the student or others.
Evans Amendment 2
Students suspected by school administrators of such offenses shall not be asked or told to write or sign a written statement before reasonable efforts are made to notify the parent or guardian, unless there is an immediate danger to the student or others.
ALERT: THIS IS STILL A MAJOR ISSUE. Continue to protest proposals to install video surveilance cameras in high school cafeterias and common areas.FCPS Staff and the FCPS High School principals association have begun installation of video surveillance cameras in high schools, mainly in retaliation for high school food fights. This proposal drains $3,500,000.00 of your hard-earned tax dollars into perpetuating a culture of "gothcha" discipline and away from educating our children. PROTEST this reactionary use of scarce resources by contacting your principal; copy the entire school board, Superintendent Jack Dale, and Dean Tisdadt. Also contact your SB member and all at-large members separately. Call on them to take this issue up only as part of a meangingful, inclusive community dialogue. Click SchoolBoardMembers@fcps.edu to email the school board.
CONTINUING ACTION 1: Keep Up the Messaging. Our messages REMAIN to the School Board :
1. Whatever happens, this is only a START; keep the reform review going.
2. Notify parents/guardians BEFORE kids are questioned, give them Miranda warnings, do not let them sign statements without parent/guardian permission. Parent involvement is critical to student success. SB changes last spring state only that an attempt to notify parents will be made after questioning.
3. Reduce involuntary lateral school transfers to near zero because research/data show they are deleterious and none shows they are beneficial. Work with national experts to develop criteria for the very limited cases where they may be appropriate. Use every other means to work with students before this harsh action is taken -- keep your word.
4. Record all hearings and make them available for free right away to parents who request them. SR&R changes state hearings can be recorded but parents can only "review" them, not have copies. They now can pay for very expensive transcripts if they figure out they want one when the hearing is scheduled -- to great a disincentive.
5. Support children on suspension by providing ongoing educational (and wraparound) services throughout; meantime, reduce out-of-school suspensions to as close to zero as possible. The money spent on this up front pays back in spades -- do not resort to "if feasible" as an excuse to deny these services. $500,000 was allocated last spring but it was never spent.
6. Reduce disproportionate discipline against students with disabilities and disadvantaged students, including minorities. If all other necessary measures related to due process and suspension reduction are taken, this could become moot. But it must be directly addressed given the egregious disproprotionality there NOW.
CONTINUING ACTION 3 -- Spread the word! Please let friends, family, PTSA/PTO members, community members, and others know your views. Contact your PTA/PTSA/PTO leadership to support further reform and parent notification.In formidable support of its national mission to be "a powerful voice for all children, a relevant resource for families and communities, and a strong advocate for the education and well-being of every child," the FCCPTA board passed a resolution April 4, 2011 supporting parent notification when a child is questioned by school administrators and resource officers, and requiring that a parent be present before children sign any statements. A related resolution was passed by the FCCPTA members May 5, 2011. Click HERE for the resolutions
Lead by FCCPTA past-president Michele Menapace, this measure also requests that FCPS involve parents in developing and reviewing the Student Responsibilities and Rights code of conduct and asks the state legislators and the Virginia PTA to address the need for this involvement in state code and regulatory development. Other language asked that the SR&R be changed to "Student Rights and Responsibilities," which has now happened.
We are very proud of Michele Menapace, Greg Brandon, Terry Tuley, Louise Epstein, Walt Carlson, and Sheree Brown Kaplan, along with all the others who supported this measure. This is what PTAs were created for more than 100 years ago. From the national PTA: "As the largest volunteer child advocacy association in the nation, Parent Teacher Association (PTA) reminds our country of its obligations to children and provides parents and families with a powerful voice to speak on behalf of every child while providing the best tools for parents to help their children be successful students." CONTINUING ACTION 4: Hold BOS to Account for School Board on Joint ZT Reform Effort.On February 8, 2011, the Fairfax Board of Supervisors passed an unusual resolution asking to partner with FCPS to improve the disciplinary process. In a statement on February11, FCPS Superintendent Jack Dale then accused the board of a "serious misunderstanding" and that it "perpetuates the falsehood that FCPS has a zero tolerance policy." We all know ZT is, in fact, happening. But he did say he would support work to address mental health issues. To this end, write the BOS and school board to support a continued COMMUNITY effort for a comprehensive review and reform of discipline policies and practices, including wraparound services, that engages affected stakeholders like us. This requires a cross-jurisdictional approach.
(June 6, 2012)Letter From Past President of FCCPTA to Colleagues Supports Parent Notification and Related SR&R Amendments.Following is text. As of this date, no alert had gone out from FCCPTA itself to its membership that a position it holds is being acted upon and needs support.
I am the past president of the Fairfax County Council of PTAs, a former Virginia PTA officer & committee chair, and a former PTA president at Rose Hill Elementary. I am the FCCPTA's appointee to the Community Action Advisory Board, charged with overseeing governmental grants providing services to low-income Fairfax residents. I have also been working with other concerned parents to implement later, healthier start times for teens, improved school lunches, and discipline reform. Today I am writing to you as a parent concerned about protecting our students.
I have collected your contact information from publicly-available sources (mostly via the internet). I have not created a "contact list" to use for numerous messages. You will not be receiving another email from me like this.
Tomorrow night the school board is scheduled to adopt the Student Rights & Responsibilities (SR&R) policy for the 2012-13 school year. Part of their deliberations includes amendments relating to parental notification, student questioning, and written statements by students involved in possible violations of school policy. You may or may not know that existing policy allows school administrators to question a child, have that student write a statement that may put him/her in a legally vulnerable position, and not contact a parent until after a suspension or recommendation for expulsion is decided.
I am personally familiar with families whose children were told by principals, without parental knowledge, that signing a confession of some kind would be easier on the child...and then the student is recommended for expulsion. I am personally acquainted with families whose personal FCPS discipline tragedies have been in the news. I have been told personally of students being accused of infractions after being the one reporting an incident. And this list goes on.
A great deal of research and evidence about school disciplinary practices for many years shows two important things, among many, that relate to the school board's SR&R policy discussion: 1) prevention and intervention work better than punitive systems and 2) parental involvement from the beginning of the discipline process is better, making the process less adversarial and more productive for both the student the school. Neither of these findings shows that schools are less safe and secure. In fact, schools with emphases on prevention, intervention, remediation and restoration (or PIRR) practices are shown to have fewer infractions, spend less money on discipline and academic remediation, and better outcomes for students.
There are about 5 amendments being proposed by school board members in addition to changes recommended by FCPS staff. Two amendments on the school board agenda tomorrow night were submitted by Elizabeth Schultz, the representative of Springfield District, and offer the greatest protection of students and parental interests. Amendments proposed as of this morning are copied below for your information.
The FCCPTA Executive Board adopted resolutions on parent notification and student discipline last April and May. Pertinent language from the parent notification position:
RESOLVED, the FCCPTA Executive Board requests the Fairfax County School Board modify Regulation 2601.24P to include parent representation in the development, dissemination and periodic review of the FCPS student conduct code, known as the SR & R; and be it further RESOLVED, the FCCPTA Executive Board requests the Fairfax County School Board modify the SR & R to require that, except in cases of immediate physical danger to staff or students, parents/guardians must be notified immediately before a child is questioned by an administrator or school resource officer for conduct likely to result in a suspension or expulsion, or is removed from the school for disciplinary reasons, or when an action will affect the child’s permanent academic record; and be it further RESOLVED, the FCCPTA Executive Board supports changes in the FCPS discipline process to prevent students from signing or executing any written statements except in the presence of a parent or guardian...
Pertinent language from the discipline position:
...we believe that FCPS staff should communicate with parents/guardians as soon as possible when students exhibit any behavioral problems, so they can work in partnership to resolve problems early and prevent recurrence or escalation, and this parental notification is especially critical when a preliminary investigation may lead to suspension or a recommendation for expulsion; and parents/guardians should be present before their children sign any documents;
I encourage you to share this information with your membership and to urge concerned individuals to communicate their opinions on this issue to the school board prior to the meeting tomorrow evening. I appreciate your time today and your ongoing work to effect positive relationships between home and school.
(February 6, 2012)Former School Board member Tina Hone (At-Large) has launched the "Coalition of the Silence"to address the needs of minority and disadvantaged children in Fairfax County public schools. She brings with her a wealth of knowledge from her work as a school board member and with long experience in juvenile justice and education issues. FZTR School Board Member indorsee Sheree Brown-Kaplan is engaged with the coalition because of her long-time advocacy for students with disabilities. According to Hone, the coalition's mission is "to be a voice for those communities whose children are underrepresented at the highest level of academic achievement in the Fairfax County Public School system, yet overrepresented in the school system's disciplinary process. Poor children, African American and Latino children, and children with disabilities are all at the heart of the Coalition of The Silence." She asks supporters to join and Friend its Facebook page at http://www.facebook.com/pages/The-Coalition-of-The-Silence-Fairfax-County/311189382253907
(February 6, 2012) The following FZTR endorsed candidates were elected to the school board: Megan McLaughlin, Elizabeth Schultz, Dan Storck, Sandy Evans, and Patty Reed. Ryan McElveen and Pat Hynes were very close contenders for FZTR endorsement and have been consistently supportive of FZTR's goals during the campaign and since the election. Several other school board members appear to be considering needed changes as well. School board work sessions and meetings are posted here: http://www.fcps.edu/schlbd/calendars/meetingscalendar.shtml. FZTR asks supporters to stay on top of discipline issues and keep their elected officials accountable for their campaign promises.
(September 26, 2011) FZTR Endorses Steve Stuban, Sheree Brown-Kaplan, Lolita Mancheno-Smoak and Shelia Ratnam. Fairfax Zero Tolerance Reform has endorsed the following candidates for At-Large: Steve Stuban, Sheree Brown-Kaplan and Lolita Mencheno-Smoak. We are endorsing Shelia Ratnam for the Sully District. Click for the At-Large press release, or the Sully release.. FZTR Endorses Megan McLaughlin and Dan Storck(September 20, 2011) Fairfax Zero Tolerance Reform has endorsed Megan McLaughlin for Fairfax County School Board in the Braddock District, and Dan Storck in the Mt. Vernon District.. Click for the full press release on Megan or Dan. Fairfax Zero Tolerance Reform troubled by FCPS and High School Principals proposal to install video surveillance cameras in all High School cafeterias and interior common areas.(September 14, 2011) FCPS and High School principals made this proposal, made during the School Board work session on September 12th, 2011. Fairfax Zero Tolerance Reform strongly believes it is an over reactive measure that perpetuates a 'gotcha' atmosphere in our schools, and is a stark betrayal of good-faith reform efforts during the discipline review process this spring. For the full FZTR press release, click here.
FZTR Endorses Louise Epstein(August 15, 2011) Fairfax Zero Tolerance Reform has endorsed Louise Epstein for Fairfax County School Board in the Drainsville District. Click here for the full press release.
FZTR Endorses Elizabeth Schultz(August 15, 2011) Fairfax Zero Tolerance Reform has endorsed Elizabeth Schultz for Fairfax County School Board in the Springfield District. Click here for the full press release.
Major Texas Study Findings Support FZTR Positions.(July 19, 2011) The Council of State Governments Justice Center, in partnership with the Public Policy Research Institute at Texas A&M University, released an unprecedented statewide study today of nearly 1 million Texas public secondary school students, followed for at least six years: Breaking Schools’ Rules: A Statewide Study on How School Discipline Relates to Students’ Success and Juvenile Justice Involvement. Among its startling findings, according to CSG, "are that the majority of students were suspended or expelled between seventh to twelfth grade. Funded by the Atlantic Philanthropies and the Open Society Foundations, this study also found that when students are suspended or expelled, the likelihood that they will repeat a grade, not graduate, and/or become involved in the juvenile justice system increases significantly." See the Washington Post article by Donna St. George: Study shows wide varieties in discipline methods among very similar schools. The next question: What will FCPS do with yet more research demonstrating its own policies and practices are seriously flawed?
US Supreme Court Upholds Student Miranda Rights. (June 16, 2011) In a major decision likely to have implications in any school district that employs police in its schools, as FCPS does, the US Supreme Court held that age (and the likelihood of children being coerced into confessions) must be taken into account in determining whether a child is "in custody" for purposes of giving them Miranda warnings prior to being questioned. The 5-4 majority opinion in JDB v. North Carolina was strongly argued by Justice Sonia Sotomayor. To see the full docket, with coverage and briefs, go to www.scotusblog.com. The opinion analysis is very good. The next question: What will FCPS do with a high court decision that clearly implies children should be read their rights under questioning?
Arlington County Dramatically Changes Drug/Alcohol School Discipline Policy.(June 16 2011) Unlike FCPS, which, despite recent changes, still falls far behind progressive jurisdictions, Arlington has adopted a policy that "will soon offer a second change for teenagers caught using drugs or alcohol: a three-day session on substance abuse that will take the place of a school suspension or court hearing," according to Kevin Sieff of The Washington Post. Here is the story.
FCPS school board throws bones to parents and advocates in changes to the Student Rights and Responsibilities (name change) student discipline code -- but votes against parent right to be notified prior to interrogations. (June 9 2011) This Washington Post story highlights the positive changes, but it does not address the fact that two of the most significant changes sought by a multitude of parents were voted down: Miranda warnings for children and parent notification prior to questioning when an infraction is likely to lead to more than a three-day suspension or to a recommendation for expulsion. (See Alert to left). Advocates gained several victories from this school board, but it waited until after the 11pm news to fail, news that did not make it into most broadcasts that night or the next day.
Another strong case against ZT (June 15 2011). Valerie Strauss's guest, Sean Slade, director of Healthy School Communities at ASCD, makes a strong case for systemic change in discipline approaches and philosophies in the Washington Post Answer Sheet: Moving Past Zero Tolerance Disciplinary Policies.
FCCPTA Adopts Resolution on Reducing Disproportionality in suspensions and reassignments of students with disabilities. This resolution was adopted May 9, 2011 and was largely authored by an expert on the issues these students face, Sheree Brown-Kaplan, the FCCPTA representative to FCPS's Advisory Committee on Students with Disabilities. FZTR leadership fully supports this resolution.
Zero Tolerance is No Longer Tolerated in Wake County, NC. Real reform, for all the right reasons, is happening in Wake County, NC. Read all about it! And put it under the noses of our own FCPS and BOS leaders! Wake Softens on Zero Tolerance
FZTR's Hemenway and Montgomery County's Ed Clarke Tackle ZT in "Debate" on WUSA9 May 10, 2011.Hemenway, director of FairfaxZeroToleranceReform.org, and Edward Clarke, veteran MoCo police officer and recent chief of school security for the county, were to have a "scrappy" exchange on whether zero tolerance policies have gone too far, prompted by a story of two lacrosse players suspended for having repair tools in their sports bags. But in conversation prior to the live newscast, they discovered agreement on the need for due process, for parent notification, for reason in applying discipline, and that SROs are police officers. They struggled for ways to be "scrappy" but couldn't pull it off. :-) Here is the Talbot County story that prompted this: Zero Tolerance Policy Criticized in Talbot County. And here is the "debate:" Are School and Zero Tolerance Policies Going Too Far?
WaPo article tackles punishment of marijuana users in FCPS and college application impacts: Penalties for Drug Offenses weigh Heavily on Students. Most of you have read this by now. Donna St. George is on top of things again! This was on the FRONT PAGE of the Sunday, May 1 Washington Post on the consequences of our punitive marijuana policies. She is working on other stories and we urge you to call her with your personal story -- and COMMENT on the ones she writes. Many of the people she interviews are folks who support FZTR. But she needs STORIES! Be brave. Speak to her! If you have students with disabilities or who are minorites, that is of particular concern. Donna R St. George Huff Post and Ed Week Writer Calls for End to Zero Tolerance Policies in April 2011 story. Gara LaMarche, president at CEO of The Atlantic Philanthropies cites need for systemic improvements instead of pushing out troubled kids. Examples: NYC suspensions of 4-10-year-olds went up 76% since 2003. In Baltimore, Indiana, and Louisiana, shift to reason is happening with beneficial results. In Clayton Co. GA and Birmingham ALA, family court judges have demanded that schools stop the school-to-prison pipeline.
Kansas City Girl Gets Kicked Out of School for Jacknife.Read this April 2, 2011 storyand discover that FCPS is in good company with unjust and lazy black-and-white practices (read "zero tolerance"). This story will sound familiar to hundreds of parents in Fairfax. It appears school leaders there, like here, take the easy, inflexible road out, sweeping good students down that road and out into the streets. One can just hear them complain, "It's too HARD to be FAIR!" Contrast that with the following:
Scottsdale AZ Unified School District Updates Code of Conduct to Downgrade Drug and Cellphone Offenses.This April 6 storyshows a school district that appears to be responding to calls for reason. FZTR doesn't know what lurks beneath this story in reality, but on the face of it, this kind of "update" is the kind that should be happening everywhere. RedAppleMom's Blog Says It Like It Is to FCPS School Board Member Jane Strauss.FZTR supporters should read this pointed -- sharp! -- and highly informed reprimand from one of our discipline reform colleagues who also helps parents create effective advocacy groups and coalitions. Links to ZT stories and other material are worth clicking on, too.
FCPS School Board Asks Superintendent to Proceed on Ten Recommendations. (See blog entry on this.) While this is progress, FZTR stands firmly behind the fact that these proposals do not go far or deep enough. (See letter to school board in link.) It also remains concerned that Superintendent Jack Dale and Deputy Superintendent Richard Moniuszko are seeking to pacify the public, quell outcry, and do the minimum necessary to make this issue "go away." They are circulating a group of principals to various venues to argue that all these reforms would make their jobs too hard. Several school board members strongly support full reform and many asked probing questions that appeared to advocate for an overhaul. In FZTR's estimation, strongly supportive SB members included Tina Hone, Patty Reed, Sandy Evans, and Dan Storck. Supportive members included Brad Center, and Ilyrong Moon. Others appear to be concerned enough to support reform but expressed reservations FZTR considers unfounded: Janie Strauss, Kathy Smith. Unclear on level of support were Jim Raney, Liz Bradsher, and Tessie Wilson. Misrepresenting FZTR's positions and stridently for a law-and-order approach was Stuart Gibson.
FZTR Opinion Piece in Washington Post April 3, 2011."How Fairfax Can Get School Discipline Right." We propose six key requirements for reform. We have many more concerns, but had to boil them down to 600 words. This was sent to more than 200 media outlets, business groups, and elected officials. FZTR believes that Chambers of Commerce, businesses, and others with an economic interest in this county should support an overhaul of the zero tolerance system so company employees will know their children will be nourished and protected. David Otersen, FZTR co-founder Janet Otersen's husband, crafted this opinion with input and edits from FZTR director Caroline Hemenway. FCPS Board Proposes Discipline Changes But Do Not Go Far Enough.FCPS Superintendent Jack Dale held a rare press conference on March 30, 2011 to propose ten changes to the discipline system for the school board to consider. Significantly and applaudably, these include recording Superintendent hearings, giving principals discretion on prescription drug infractions, and reducing hearings timelines. These recommendations do not go far enough and omit serious necessary changes. Read our press release to learn what we have sent hundreds of reporters and other organizations. Dale said parent notification guidelines should be "refined" to "help parents prepare for the hearing process." FZTR suggests that helping parents face nightmares is not the issue. Keeping kids out of them is. He claimed most of these changes were "common sense" and came during a normal student code of conduct review -- not as a result of relentless public pressure from the likes of FZTR. (!) He could not explain why they were not done earlier if they were so ordinary. FZTR continues to object that the hearings process flowchart has no place for a finding of innocence.
VA Del. Kaye Kory and FZTR Met in Richmond March 30, 2011with key collaborators to sync our work and unify our message regarding changes to the code of Virginia and to FCPS policies. Attorneys and respresentatives from the following groups attended: The Advancement Project, JustChildren, The Rutherford Institute, Voices for Virginia's Children, The Family Foundation, FZTR. Steve Stuban and his brother-in-law Chris Antonious also attended. Others were invited but could not attend. They began collaborating on necessary statutory reforms and on how to make sure justice is implemented at the local level. Supreme Court heard student Miranda case March 23, 2011:In J.D.B. v. North Carolina, the SCOTUS is considering whether a court may consider a juvenile's age or de facto custody (ability to "freely leave") in a Miranda custody analysis. Other SCOTUS decisions have focused on 4th and 14th Amendment rights, upholding the right to search and seizure of student property, but this is the first time a 5th Amendment case related to student rights is being heard. NPR story here. Your Letters and Emails are Working!When you write to the newspapers, call the broadcast media, write the board, show up anywhere and bring this topic to light, you are being heard!
Send us your stories! Contact us at OutreachZeroTolerance@gmail.com to help us understand the scope of this problem. Let us know if we can edit and post them.
Padres & Jovenes Unidos - Multi-issue advocacy for educational excellence and justice in Denver; helped overhaul Denver policies.
Mission:Transform the Fairfax County Public School
discipline system from a criminal and punitive approach to a restorative,
educational, and therapeutic process by working with families, FCPS,
county staff, civil rights and child development specialists, and legal